B-Tech 101 - Grades 9 to 11


The B-Tech stream at L.E.A.P.  is modelled after McMaster University’s Faculty of Engineering & Mohawk College’s School of Engineering Technology skills-based engineering technology education. B-Tech was developed in consultation with industry to provide an engaging, hands-on approach to engineering that has a heavy focus on the development of skills versus the traditional knowledge based engineering curriculum. Students will learn about Automotive & Vechicle technology, Biotechnology and Process Automation Technology and will be exposed to the Bachelor of Technology labs and technical skill building experiences.

From robotics engineering and smart homes to forensic science and DNA testing, technology is impacting all aspects of modern day life. Interested in technology, but not sure where you might want to specialize? In this diverse and interdisciplinary Bachelor of Technology (BTECH) 101 program, you’ll get a crash course on topics in electronics and electrical engineering technology, as well as in biotechnology.

McMaster-Mohawk Bachelors of Technology Program


Electrical and Electronics Engineering Technology: Modern electronics are impacting all aspects of our living. Electrical and electronic components such as sensors, motors, microcontrollers and microprocessors are integral part of toys, smart phones, robots, smart manufacturing, autonomous cars, smart homes, smart cities, and smart health. In this series of BTECH 101 activities you will learn the foundational engineering technologies that combine hardware and software components. You will also explore applications of these technologies through activities such as:

New Curriculum:

Basic Electronics & Sensors: In this session, you will be performing a series of experiments that will build your foundations in electronics.  You will also learn about sensors and their applications.  In these experiments with sensors you will be able to sense acceleration, force, vibration, Infrared light, ambient light, temperature, and more.

Programming a Microcontroller: A microcontroller is a small computer that can be programmed to collect data from a sensor and turn on or off a device, such as a motor, and make a decision based on the logic. They are used in following electronic equipment: Mobile Phones, Auto Mobiles, CD/DVD Players, Washing Machines, Cameras, In Computers-Modems and Keyboard Controllers, Security Alarms, Electronic Measurement Instruments, Microwave Oven. You will learn about two microcontrollers and how to program them. 

Robots & Line Following Robotic Car: In this section you will learn about robots, their parts, and applications. You will see a demonstration of a real industrial robot and a humanoid robot performing some repetitive tasks. A robotic car designed and built by a B.Tech entrepreneur here at McMaster University will provide a platform for programming concepts learned in the last topic for the robotic car to follow a line and avoid collision.

Using a 3D printer and 3D Printed Robot: You learn how a 3D printer works and how to print a simple part. You will also use a 3D printed robot, designed and built here at McMaster University to perform simple pick and place task most commonly performed by industrial robots also.

Apps: Finally, you will learn how to develop Apps for an Android device such as smart phone or tablet.

Biotechnology: Biotechnology is an interdisciplinary field merging basic science, applied science, and engineering. It involves the study genetic engineering, cell biology, molecular biology, and microbiology, analytical instrumentation, and bio processing. Biotechnology students conduct research in immunology, virology, genomics, proteomics, and bioinformatics. As an introduction to biotechnology, in these sessions, you will use state of the art equipement to perform biological experiments such as:

Fermentation: Fermentation is the metabolic process that converts sugars to acids and gases to alcohol.  It occurs in yeast and bacteria and also in your muscle cells.  You have heard of the term lactic acid burn during or after exercise.  This is caused by lactic acid fermentation in oxygen starved muscles.  In our households we use fermentation for food such as sauerkraut, carrots and beets. You will learn what vegetables can ferment independently and which vegetables need the addition of microorganisms to help in the fermentation process.

Gel Electrophoresis: Gel electrophoresis is a method used in the laboratory to separate proteins, DNA and RNA by their molecular size.  What size are your genes?  In this lab you will perform a gel electrophoresis using DNA dye samples representing 5 people and a Standard Dye Marker.  You will discuss the migration of molecular weight bands and the distance that they migrate

Enzymes: Pineapple has an enzyme called Bromelain.  This enzyme is used in meat tenderizing by breaking down the protein collagen.  In this experiment we will be using gelatin to find the effects of the enzyme in pineapple that is uncooked and cooked.

DNA Extraction: Deoxyribonucleic Acid is the molecule that takes your genetic instructions for the development of anything from fruit to your body.  Pineapple juice is one ingredient we learned about in Enzymes.  In this experiment we will use it again along with other chemicals to extract DNA from fruit.

And Much More!!